Ask the Engineer: Andy VanDette on Mixing Like a Pro (Part 2)

Ask the Engineer graphic
Read Part 1 here.

Ask the Engineer is a new series here on the Masterdisk blog where our guys answer questions about music production. Send us your questions at We won’t be able to answer all of them but we’ll post answers to as many as we can. If you have a specific engineer you want to pose the question to, let us know that too.

Chief Engineer Andy VanDette is the go-to mastering engineer for many of today’s greatest artists. From prog-rock greats like Rush to iconic artists like David Bowie, international sensations like David Fonseca to rising pop stars like Jon McLaughlin, Andy can, and does, do it all.

Photo of Andy VanDette with Dearly Beloved
Andy with Toronto band Dearly Beloved
Q: Last time we talked about how important the bottom end is in a mix. What is another common problem you see with mixes that come in from self-mixing artists or mix engineers that don’t have a lot of experience?

A: A common problem is the overuse of brick wall limiting before it gets here. Go ahead and use it to you heart’s content to get your mix approved, but make me a copy without it! If it turns out that you are an L2 god and I can’t top it, I will definitely use your version to master from.

Q: How often would you say that you end up using the version with the mix engineer’s limiting?

A: Not often; maybe 5% of the time I’ll use that. Limiting should only happen once in a mix’s lifetime. Multiple layers of brickwall limiting makes the hair on the back of my neck stand up, because I know “re-squaring” square waves can only lead to negative artifacts.

Check out Dearly Beloved’s latest album, Hawk vs Pigeon, mastered by Andy VanDette.

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